Journal of Reproducible Research 2024-05-19T17:10:15+00:00 The Editor Open Journal Systems <p><em>Journal of Reproducible Research (JRR</em>) with e-ISSN: 2948-5282, is a quarterly journal for original research, systematic reviews, meta data analysis papers that can be reproducible indefinitely for a wise cause. It is published by Vally Links Sdn. Bhd. as an initiative from World Research Union.</p> <p>We publish original research papers, meta-analysis works, scholarly literatures and systematic reviews that are reproducible. Reproducible research means that your work is published with datasets or algorithm codes so that others can verify the findings and build a new perspective or a concept. The original research manuscripts published in JRR are expected to bring new insights with new perspectives so that existing datasets are used widely before it gets obsolete.</p> <p><strong>Scope of Journal</strong></p> <p>JRR is classified as premium diversified sciences journal. We intend to publish manuscripts pertaining to relevant fields of social sciences, STEM, arts which provides contribution to uplift or enhancing the current trends. The submitted manuscripts has to include new and innovative experimental methods, primary researches, new interpretation of existing results or data related to clinical problems, or epidemiological work of substantial scientific significance. The motive is to build practical concepts rather performing basic or fundamental researches.</p> <p>Though JRR accepts all kinds of research works, but any incomplete studies or secondary researches are discouraged. All submitted papers are reviewed by our panel members (double-blind peer review process) before arriving to a decision. Authors are required to follow the format and typeset of JRR for the manuscript to be accepted for review.</p> <p><img src="blob:" /></p> Assessing the Effectiveness of Integrated Project Delivery (IPD) in Complementary Construction Practices 2024-02-28T05:29:34+00:00 Mohammed Wali Mohammed Khamis Mohamad Ali Abdulsalam Farag Abdulsalam Abo Farda <p>This paper investigates the effectiveness of Integrated Project Delivery (IPD) in the context of complementary construction practices such as Building Information Modeling (BIM), Lean Construction, and sustainability practices. Through a comprehensive literature review, case study analysis, and empirical data examination, the research highlights IPD's potential to significantly improve construction project outcomes, including cost efficiency, time management, quality, and stakeholder satisfaction. The study draws on various scholarly articles and case studies to illustrate how IPD facilitates collaboration among stakeholders, aligns project goals, and integrates innovative construction practices to enhance project delivery. Key findings indicate that IPD, when effectively implemented in conjunction with complementary practices, leads to enhanced project performance metrics and stakeholder satisfaction. However, challenges such as cultural and organizational barriers, resistance to change, and the necessity for high technical competency are identified as potential obstacles to IPD adoption. The paper provides practical implications for construction professionals and project managers, offering recommendations for the successful implementation of IPD and suggestions for integrating it with other construction practices to maximize project success. Concluding remarks emphasize the transformative potential of IPD in the construction industry, advocating for further research into its long-term impacts, the influence of cultural and geographical factors, and its integration with emerging technologies. The study contributes to the growing body of knowledge on IPD and serves as a resource for construction professionals seeking to leverage collaborative project delivery methods to achieve superior project outcomes.</p> 2024-02-29T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Journal of Reproducible Research Managing Across Cultures: Effective Strategies for Leading a Diverse Workforce In global organizations 2024-02-14T09:42:10+00:00 Albdulathim Ahmed <p>This research paper delves into the critical aspect of managing cultural diversity within global organizations. In an era marked by increasing globalization and intertwined cultures, the study aims to explore the dynamics, challenges, and opportunities associated with cultural diversity management in the global business environment. The primary focus is to understand how cultural diversity impacts organizational performance and innovation, examining strategies organizations can adopt to maximize the benefits of this diversity. The research incorporates a thorough review of academic literature on the subject, alongside case studies analysis from various multicultural organizations, assessing how leading companies navigate the challenges arising from cultural diversity. A significant portion of the study is dedicated to the role of leadership in fostering harmonious and effective work environments that respect and leverage cultural diversity. The paper also highlights various dimensions of cultural diversity management, including the challenges posed by global phenomena like the COVID-19 pandemic and the role of technology in facilitating cross-cultural interactions. Through this research, we aim to contribute valuable insights into the field of cultural diversity management, offering practical recommendations for organizations striving to develop more diverse and inclusive work environments. The study underscores the importance of adopting a comprehensive and adaptive approach to cultural diversity, ensuring that organizations not only cope with the associated challenges but also thrive on the myriad opportunities it presents.</p> 2024-02-14T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Journal of Reproducible Research The The Effectiveness of Induction Programme to the New Employees; Case of Thai University Staff 2024-02-20T03:22:29+00:00 WANGCHUK RABTEN Jangchuk Dema WIJITRA TAECHATEERAWAT Anvar Variskhanov Dzakiyy Hadiyan Achyar <table> <tbody> <tr> <td> <p>Induction programmes are important to every organization. It helps in introducing the new employee of an organization by briefing the new employees on the organization’s vision, mission, values, and objectives. This study intends to determine the impact of induction programmes and compare the level of adaptation to new organizations based on the duration and content of induction training by using quantitative research with semi-structured interview questionnaires.&nbsp; The perceptions of new employees on the induction training were gathered from all the new employees of University ABC, who have joined the university within four years (2019,2020, 2021 and 2022). In addition, a convenience sampling technique was used in determining the sample size from the total population. A structured questionnaire was distributed to gather the perceptions of new employees. The results show that induction training has a positive impact on the adaptation to the new work environment and individual work performance.</p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> 2024-02-29T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Journal of Reproducible Research Artificial Intelligence in Libyan Industries: Current State and Future Prospects 2024-02-14T09:37:45+00:00 Musbah Saleh <table> <tbody> <tr> <td> <p>This paper critically examines the role and future of Artificial Intelligence (AI) in the industrial sectors of Libya, offering an in-depth analysis of its current adoption, potential growth, and the consequent impacts on the country's economic and technological landscape. Beginning with a global perspective, the study traces the evolution of AI from its foundational stages to its current status as a key driver of innovation and efficiency in diverse sectors globally. It then narrows its focus to Libya, where the industrial scene is predominantly anchored in the oil and gas sector, exploring how AI is beginning to shape these fields, as well as its emerging presence in manufacturing and agriculture. The analysis acknowledges the unique challenges Libya faces in terms of technological infrastructure and educational readiness for a future shaped by AI. By drawing parallels with similar economies, the study identifies strategic lessons and approaches that could facilitate AI integration in Libya. It forecasts significant growth and diversification of AI applications across Libyan industries, emphasizing the necessity of comprehensive government policies, educational reform, and international collaborations to enable this transition. Conclusively, the paper posits that AI is not merely a technological upgrade but a strategic asset for Libya's economic diversification and technological advancement. It argues for a balanced approach that encompasses ethical considerations and regulatory frameworks to fully leverage AI's capabilities. This comprehensive exploration underscores AI's potential as a transformative force for Libya's industrial sectors, highlighting its pivotal role in shaping the nation's economic resilience and technological progress in the digital era.&nbsp;</p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> 2024-02-14T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Journal of Reproducible Research The World at Fingertips: Central Bank Digital Currency Mediated Connectivity to Elevate Digital Trade 2024-02-17T04:46:59+00:00 Dzakiyy Hadiyan Achyar Chatrudee Jongsureyapart Anvar Variskhanov Wangchuk Rabten Wijitra Taechateerawat <div><span lang="EN-GB">This panel data study examines the relationship between Asia Pacific’s movement towards renewable energy for a sustainable blue economy and the role of the environmental, social, and governance (ESG) by explicitly considering its prevailing political economy. Data was extracted from The World Bank, The Asian Development Bank, and the Global Risk Profile report from 2018-2021. This study uses fixed and random-effect models as econometric techniques. This study concludes with two significant findings: (1) Politically motivated economic policies resulting in wealth distribution inequalities significantly harm the environmental protection effort. Economic disparities resulting from the politically motivated economic policy indirectly legitimize people’s action to exploit nature by any means necessary to survive. Therefore, the basic human right mandating social justice for everyone can best explain this social jealousy phenomenon. (3) ESG index shows a huge impact on the environmental protection effort in achieving higher renewable energy proportion in the Asia Pacific.. </span></div> 2024-02-19T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Journal of Reproducible Research The Importance of Entrepreneurial skills and growth aspects of Entrepreneurs 2023-05-23T14:59:38+00:00 Thurga Kanapathy <p>Entrepreneurship plays an essential role in economic activity. An entrepreneur is someone who starts a business on their own. A successful entrepreneur is constantly aware of new changes and innovations that they may implement. Being an entrepreneur means taking risks and facing problems. An organization is formed only through the efforts of an individual who is willing to take on the venture with them. However, what distinguishes an entrepreneur from a successful entrepreneur are his or her achievements in the sphere of his or her firm. Individuals must possess a specific trait called as entrepreneurship. The purpose of this case study is to uncover problems and opportunities for entrepreneurs. This case study method applies both primary and secondary data. The case study technique was chosen; their history is thoroughly explored, as are the aspects that define their secret of success and the obstacles they encounter. Purposive sampling procedures are utilized because the population is chosen for inclusion in the sample based on convenience of access. Case studies entail extensive investigation and analysis of persons. In this study, the Purposive Sampling approach was applied, and a structured questionnaire was used to gather data.</p> 2024-02-14T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Journal of Reproducible Research Application of Internet-based Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (ICBT) and Current Research Status 2024-05-18T14:47:02+00:00 Xinghong Hu Shaodong Tang Hongmei Yang <table> <tbody> <tr> <td> <p>Internet-based Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (iCBT) represents a significant advancement in the field of psychotherapy, merging the principles of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) with the accessibility and efficiency of modern computer networking. As a relatively new and innovative therapeutic approach, iCBT has seen the development and implementation of numerous treatment platforms designed to make mental health care more accessible and cost-effective. This article provides a comprehensive overview of the historical development of iCBT, its key components, various treatment modes, a comparison with traditional CBT, and future prospects. The historical development of iCBT can be traced back to the early days of digital communication, where initial attempts were made to provide therapeutic support via email and chat rooms. As internet technology advanced, more sophisticated platforms emerged, offering structured CBT programs through websites and mobile applications. These platforms typically include interactive modules, multimedia content, and automated feedback, enhancing user engagement and adherence to therapeutic protocols. The evolution of these platforms reflects a broader trend towards integrating technology into healthcare, driven by the need for more scalable and flexible treatment options. Looking to the future, the prospects for iCBT are promising. Continued advancements in artificial intelligence and machine learning hold the potential to further personalize and enhance iCBT programs. Virtual reality (VR) is another exciting development, offering immersive environments for exposure therapy and other CBT techniques. As research continues to validate the efficacy of iCBT, it is likely to become an increasingly integral part of mental health care, providing scalable, effective, and accessible treatment options for diverse populations.</p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> 2024-05-19T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Journal of Reproducible Research Towards Smarter Cities: Implementing IoT Solutions for Energy-Efficient Urban Infrastructure 2024-02-14T09:47:01+00:00 Emhamed Alzaroog <p>This study explores the integration of Internet of Things (IoT) technologies in urban settings to enhance energy efficiency. This research combines a thorough literature review with an analysis of diverse case studies to understand the impact of IoT solutions in smart cities. Key areas of focus include IoT applications in smart buildings, energy grids, and urban transportation systems. The findings reveal that IoT technologies significantly contribute to reducing energy consumption and improving overall urban sustainability. However, the study also addresses challenges such as technological integration, scalability, and data security. The insights gained provide valuable guidance for urban planners and policymakers in leveraging IoT for sustainable urban development. This paper underscores the potential of IoT as a critical tool in transforming urban infrastructure, navigating through the complexities and highlighting future pathways for innovation and implementation in smart city initiatives</p> 2024-02-14T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Journal of Reproducible Research Achieving Goals and Building Bridges: Football Tourism in Libya as a Catalyst for Youth Development and Cultural Understanding 2024-02-28T06:06:19+00:00 ABDULGAWAD BUSADRA Ali Mohamed Ali Akasha <p>This research scrutinizes football tourism's capacity to act as a pivotal force for transformation in Libya, examining its role in catalyzing youth empowerment, enhancing cultural comprehension, and propelling economic prosperity within a post-conflict framework. Anchored in the universal appeal of football and Libya's profound cultural legacy, this inquiry traverses the complex dimensions of sports tourism. It extracts lessons from international examples, meticulously adapting them to Libya's distinctive scenario. The study delves into the challenges and prospects present within Libya's tourism and sports domains, accentuating the imperative for the development of sustainable infrastructure, legal and regulatory enhancements, and approaches centered around community engagement. Employing a qualitative methodology grounded in an exhaustive review of literature and theoretical underpinnings, the research articulates strategic interventions for Libya. These encompass the fortification of digital marketing endeavors, the advancement of regional collaborations, and the prioritization of sustainability within football tourism ventures. The concluding remarks highlight the crucial role of strategic foresight, inclusivity, and global collaboration in maximizing football tourism's potential for extensive socio-economic advantages and international connectivity. This investigation aspires to enrich the dialogue on sports tourism's contribution to nation-building and economic diversification, proposing a comprehensive strategy for Libya and analogous situations</p> 2024-02-29T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Journal of Reproducible Research Strategic management approaches in the era of artificial intelligence and big data 2024-02-14T09:44:04+00:00 Albdulathim Ahmed <table> <tbody> <tr> <td> <p>This study investigates the influence of artificial intelligence (AI) and big data on strategic management approaches in the era of technological advancement. It emphasizes the significant impact of AI and big data in enhancing governance quality, improving decision-making, corporate governance, administrative performance, and achieving strategic flexibility. The research adopts an analytical and descriptive approach, critically analyzing literature across various sectors, including government services, education, pharmaceuticals, and marketing. It identifies the potential of AI and big data to revolutionize strategic management, highlighting the necessity for strategic and responsible adoption to maximize their benefits. The study also addresses the associated challenges, including data privacy and ethical considerations.</p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> 2024-02-14T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Journal of Reproducible Research Thai herbal supply chain connectivity: analyzing its visibility via process capability 2024-02-23T14:55:34+00:00 Anvar Variskhanov Tosporn Arreeras Wijitra Taechateerawat Wangchuk Rabten Dzakiyy Hadiyan Achyar Krit Sittivangkul <p class="western" lang="en-US" style="margin-bottom: 0in; line-height: 100%;" align="justify"><span style="color: #000000;"><span style="font-family: Calibri, serif;"><span style="font-size: xx-small;"><span lang="en-GB">The paper explores the impact of implementing an Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) system on the efficiency of the Thai herbal supply chain, focusing on the visibility index as a measure of process capability. With the backdrop of the National Master Plan for Thai Herb Development and increased governmental focus on the herbal industry, this study investigates the effects of enhanced connectivity on supply chain operations. Methodologically, the research employs Lee and Rim's visibility quantification model, utilizing a Monte Carlo simulation approach to assess the visibility before and after ERP implementation. The study, situated in northern Thailand, specifically examines the supply chain of Limonella plants, a key medicinal herb. Results indicate a significant improvement in supply chain visibility following ERP implementation, leading to expedited delivery lead times. The findings underscore the pivotal role of ERP systems in fostering information sharing and coordination among supply chain stakeholders. While acknowledging limitations in data availability, the research underscores the need for further exploration using real-world data to enhance the realism of the findings. Overall, the study contributes to understanding the practical implications of ERP adoption in enhancing supply chain efficiency and underscores avenues for future research in this domain.</span></span></span></span></p> 2024-02-29T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Journal of Reproducible Research E-government Services in Libya: User Perception and Adoption Barriers 2024-02-14T09:39:06+00:00 Musbah Saleh <table> <tbody> <tr> <td> <p>The adoption and effectiveness of e-government services are crucial for modernizing public administration and enhancing citizen engagement, especially in post-conflict countries like Libya. This study explores the user perception and identifies barriers to the adoption of e-government services in Libya. Drawing on a mixed-methods approach, the research combines quantitative data from surveys with qualitative insights from interviews. The study aims to assess user satisfaction, identify influencing factors, and compare these with global e-government service implementation experiences. Key findings reveal a mixed user perception, with satisfaction influenced by ease of access and efficiency, yet hindered by limited digital literacy and infrastructural challenges. The study uncovers significant barriers, including technological issues and socio-economic constraints, impeding the effective adoption of e-government services. These findings are contextualized within the broader landscape of global e-government initiatives, highlighting both similarities and unique challenges faced in Libya. The study concludes with strategic recommendations for enhancing e-government service adoption in Libya. These include improving digital literacy, investing in robust IT infrastructure, and tailoring services to the specific needs of different regions. The research contributes to the understanding of e-government in post-conflict settings and offers insights for policymakers and practitioners working towards the digital transformation of public services in similar contexts&nbsp;</p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> 2024-02-14T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Journal of Reproducible Research Strategic Collaboration in Entrepreneurship in the Construction Industry 2024-02-17T15:08:22+00:00 WIJITRA TAECHATEERAWAT Pratsanee Na Keeree Wen-Hsiang Lai Anvar Variskhanov Dzakiyy Hadiyan Achyar Wangchuk Rabten <p>This paper presents a critical literature review of research into strategic collaboration in entrepreneurship in the construction industry. Findings show that strategic collaboration is underutilized in most sectors of the construction industry, although it may be used in sectors like public procurement, renovation and green construction, and prefabricated housing. Strategic collaboration’s long-term relationships can help firms develop their products/services through network connections and deliver long-term continuous improvement. However, there are also challenges such as lack of IT system integration and power differentials. There are some areas, such as critical success factors and readiness evaluation, which have not been investigated in detail.</p> 2024-02-19T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Journal of Reproducible Research Big Data Analytics in Libyan Healthcare: Potential and Challenges 2024-02-14T09:35:33+00:00 Ebtisam Omar <table> <tbody> <tr> <td> <p>This paper presents an in-depth exploration of the potential and challenges associated with the implementation of Big Data analytics in the Libyan healthcare system. It begins by providing a contextual overview of the Libyan healthcare landscape, characterized by challenges such as limited resources, infrastructural deficiencies, and a need for technological advancement. The importance of Big Data in healthcare is highlighted, emphasizing its role in revolutionizing patient care, healthcare management, and predictive analytics in disease control. The study conducts a systematic review of existing literature, supplemented by case studies and comparative analyses, to assess the readiness of the Libyan healthcare system for Big Data integration. It identifies key benefits, such as improved patient outcomes, efficient resource utilization, and enhanced disease surveillance. Concurrently, the study brings to light significant challenges, including infrastructural gaps, organizational barriers, and data privacy concerns. Through this comprehensive analysis, the paper aims to outline the specific requirements and strategies for successful implementation of Big Data analytics in Libya. It proposes actionable recommendations focusing on infrastructure development, policy formulation, and capacity building, tailored to the Libyan context. The study's findings and recommendations are intended to guide healthcare policymakers, practitioners, and technologists in Libya, offering insights that could facilitate the transformation of the country's healthcare system through Big Data analytics. This research contributes to the broader discourse on the integration of advanced technology in healthcare systems, particularly in countries facing similar challenges as Libya.&nbsp;</p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> 2024-02-14T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Journal of Reproducible Research Research on the Transformation of China's Low-Carbon Economic Development Model 2024-05-19T17:10:15+00:00 Lumeizi Fan Hongmei Yang Ming Li Xinghong Hu <table> <tbody> <tr> <td> <p>With the increasingly severe issue of global climate change, low-carbon economy has become a crucial approach for countries worldwide to drive economic transformation, reducing greenhouse gas emissions and achieving sustainable development. As the world's largest developing country, China faces the dual pressure of transformation and development. Balancing economic growth while reducing environmental pollution and resource consumption to smoothly transition from a traditional high-carbon economy to a low-carbon economy is a significant challenge for China's current economic development. Against this backdrop, this paper explores the transformation path of China's low-carbon economic development model from both theoretical and practical perspectives. First, it reviews the theoretical foundations of the low-carbon economy and provides an overview of its development status in China. It then analyses transformation paths in areas such as low-carbon city construction, regional cooperation, industry cultivation, and technological innovation. Next, it examines the implementation effectiveness and deficiencies of current low-carbon economic policies in China and proposes directions for policy adjustments and improvements. Finally, it forecasts and prospects the future development trends of China's low-carbon economy, identifying opportunities and challenges in a globalized context. Through comprehensive analysis and systematic research, this paper aims to provide theoretical support and policy recommendations for the development of China's low-carbon economy, contributing wisdom and strength to achieve green and sustainable development goals.</p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> 2024-05-22T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Journal of Reproducible Research Examining the Impact of Perceived Quality, Aesthetics, and Durability on Customer Satisfaction: Empirical Evidence and Implications 2024-02-14T14:53:34+00:00 Dr. Farzana Nazera Kazi Tanvir Dr. Mohamed Kaisarul Haq Prof. Dr. Valliappan Raju <p>This research paper aims to investigate the relationships between perceived quality, aesthetics of products, the durability of products, and customer satisfaction. Three hypotheses were formulated and tested: H1 proposed a relationship between perceived quality products and customer satisfaction; H2 posited a relationship between aesthetics of products and customer satisfaction; H3 hypothesized a relationship between durability of products and customer satisfaction. The study utilized a quantitative approach and collected data through a survey instrument distributed among participants. The research findings confirmed all three hypotheses, revealing significant relationships between perceived quality, aesthetics, durability of products, and customer satisfaction. These results highlight the importance of product attributes in shaping customer satisfaction, providing valuable insights for businesses aiming to enhance customer experiences and strengthen brand loyalty.</p> 2024-02-29T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Journal of Reproducible Research The The Impact of Sun Exposure, MBI, and Skin Color on Serum Vitamin D Levels among Women in Western Libya 2024-03-13T19:43:23+00:00 Fadi Yahia Mohammed Faez Abobakr <p>This study investigates the association between vitamin D levels and various factors such as sun exposure, Body Mass Index (BMI), and skin color among women in Western Libya. Employing a quantitative cross-sectional design, the research analyzes data from 457 participants, examining serum vitamin D concentrations in relation to measured sun exposure, categorized BMI, and differentiated skin color. The results indicate a significant correlation between vitamin D levels and each of the three variables, with sun exposure and skin color showing a positive association with serum vitamin D levels, and BMI revealing an inverse relationship. The study employs Chi-Square Tests to validate these associations, all of which report p-values less than 0.05, thereby underscoring their statistical significance. These findings are in agreement with previous research and suggest that optimal vitamin D status is influenced by a complex interplay of environmental and physiological factors. The study's conclusions emphasize the need for public health strategies that account for individual and regional characteristics, advocating for tailored approaches to address vitamin D deficiency. The implications of this research are critical for the development of interventions and guidelines to improve vitamin D status, particularly in sun-rich environments where cultural and lifestyle factors may impact sun exposure and vitamin D synthesis.</p> 2024-04-15T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Journal of Reproducible Research Sustainable leadership: integrating environmental responsibility into corporate governance 2024-02-14T09:45:24+00:00 Albdulathim Ahmed <p>In an era increasingly conscious of environmental and social challenges, the significance of sustainable leadership and corporate governance has emerged as key factors driving the shift towards a more sustainable future. This research paper explores how sustainable leadership and corporate governance can integrate environmental responsibility within organizational frameworks, highlighting the role these concepts play in achieving sustainability. The primary objective of this research is to assess the impact of sustainable leadership and corporate governance on enhancing environmental responsibility. Through the analysis of a wide range of scholarly literature and current studies, we aim to understand how these elements can effectively contribute to the global agenda for sustainable development. The paper employs an analytical methodology to review and evaluate prior research in this field. It relies on diverse studies such as those conducted by Aguilera et al. (2021), Crifo et al. (2019), among others, to provide in-depth insights into the key issues related to sustainable leadership and corporate governance. This paper gains its importance from addressing vital issues in our current era, where sustainability and environmental responsibility are essential components of any successful organizational strategy. With increasing environmental and social pressures, understanding how governance and leadership impact these aspects becomes crucial. The paper aims to offer valuable theoretical and practical contributions, benefiting researchers, organizational leaders, and policymakers in their quest to balance organizational goals with environmental and social responsibilities</p> 2024-02-14T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Journal of Reproducible Research