The The Impact of Sun Exposure, MBI, and Skin Color on Serum Vitamin D Levels among Women in Western Libya


  • Fadi Yahia MSU
  • Mohammed Faez Abobakr Management & Science University


Football , Tourism, Economic Growth , Cultural Understanding , Youth Development , Libya


This study investigates the association between vitamin D levels and various factors such as sun exposure, Body Mass Index (BMI), and skin color among women in Western Libya. Employing a quantitative cross-sectional design, the research analyzes data from 457 participants, examining serum vitamin D concentrations in relation to measured sun exposure, categorized BMI, and differentiated skin color. The results indicate a significant correlation between vitamin D levels and each of the three variables, with sun exposure and skin color showing a positive association with serum vitamin D levels, and BMI revealing an inverse relationship. The study employs Chi-Square Tests to validate these associations, all of which report p-values less than 0.05, thereby underscoring their statistical significance. These findings are in agreement with previous research and suggest that optimal vitamin D status is influenced by a complex interplay of environmental and physiological factors. The study's conclusions emphasize the need for public health strategies that account for individual and regional characteristics, advocating for tailored approaches to address vitamin D deficiency. The implications of this research are critical for the development of interventions and guidelines to improve vitamin D status, particularly in sun-rich environments where cultural and lifestyle factors may impact sun exposure and vitamin D synthesis.


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How to Cite

Yahia, F., & Faez Abobakr, M. (2024). The The Impact of Sun Exposure, MBI, and Skin Color on Serum Vitamin D Levels among Women in Western Libya. Journal of Reproducible Research, 2(2), 125–134. Retrieved from